The promotion and protection of human rights is central to ending TB. A human-rights-based approach to TB is grounded in international, regional, and domestic law. These laws establish rights to health, non-discrimination, privacy, confidentiality, participation, freedom of movement, and enjoyment of the benefits of scientific progress, among others. Human rights law also establishes the legal obligations of governments and private actors. To implement a human-rights-based approach to TB, countries should:

  • Ensure laws and policies are consistent with the principles of human rights and social justice;
  • Prohibit stigma and discrimination against people with TB and TB key and vulnerable populations (KVPs), and ensure all people affected by TB have their privacy and confidentiality protected and have access to remedies when their rights are violated;
  • Empower people affected by TB and KVPs to participate in all components of the TB response, including prioritization, design, implementation, monitoring, review, and governance;
  • Establish an enabling environment with legal rights to access TB prevention, diagnosis, treatment, care, and support that is acceptable, affordable and of the highest quality;
  • Ensure that programs and interventions are tailored to the needs of KVPs and are gender-responsive;
  • Protect the privacy, confidentiality, and access to information for people affected by TB;
  • Ensure access to inclusive and comprehensive systems of psychosocial support, including mental health, peer support, housing support, transportation support, loss of income support, nutrition support and legal aid.


The Stop TB Partnership, TB-affected communities and civil society are working to build evidence and operationalize a human-rights-based TB response. In this aspect, Stop TB Partnership is engaged in:

  • 20 national TB CRG assessments and costed action plans; the Declaration of the Rights of People Affected by TB; The Right to Breath; Activating a Rights-Based TB Response; the TB Stigma Assessment; community-led monitoring initiatives; global, regional, and national community networks; TB CRG Investment Packages; the Stop TB Partnership TB and Gender Discussion Paper; and the grassroots funding mechanism Challenge Facility for Civil Society.
  • Demonstrating the progress since the release of the judicial workshop on "TB, human rights, and the law" in 2015, the Nairobi Strategy on TB & human rights in 2016, and the Case Compendium in 2017, the release of A Deadly Divide: TB Commitments vs TB Realities on International Human Rights Day 2020 represents the movement of human rights from footnote to central theme. TB-affected communities and civil society demonstrated a people-centered and rights-based approach in developing this accountability document that makes specific calls to action on equity, human rights, stigma, KVPs and gender, but also applies a human rights lens to all aspects of the TB response.

Declaration of Human rights in TB

Declaration of the rights of people affected by tuberculosis
Declaracion de los derechos de las personas afectadas por tuberculosis [ES]
Declaracao Dos Direitos Das Pessoas Afetadas Pela Tuberculose
إعلان السل
Декларация о правах людей, затронутых туберкулезом
Declaration des droits des personnes affectees par la tuberculose [FR]